(now Visconti di Modrone)
A wealthy family as far back as the XII century, the Marescalchis have gained greater importance and leverage with the city of Bologna: since its creation, they could count on a hereditary seat in the Senate; many magistrates, ambassadors and soldiers of the city came from this family; they created family bonds with several illustrious families of the city. The Pope Gregory XIII, who was one of the most important popes of the renaissance, was a member of the Marescalchi family. The cathedral of Bologna also housed the most important event of the Renaissance period: the coronation of Charles V, renowned as the man “in whose realm the sun never sets”. On such occasion the Marescalchi family, already ennobled by Francis I, was invested with the title of “Count Palatine” with the authority and privilege to adorn their emblem with the Imperial Eagle.
The historical events which took place in Europe between the Eighteenth and Nineteenth century, also involved the city of Bologna, where Napoleon I first entered in 1796 as commander of the revolutionary troops. In his memory, written in Sant'Elena, the former Emperor remembers the welcome of the city: “Bologna especially was inflamed with the desire for freedom. The arrival of the Army was triumphal; Caprara, Marescalchi and Aldini, deputies of the Senate, did the honours: the first ones who came from the best families of the country ".
At the age of 26, Ferdinando Marescalchi became senator, by hereditary right. He was especially concerned with the transalpine innovative ideas. He soon joined the liberal ideals and taking advantage of his position, he circulated them, with the aim of making the most of the military and political situation to support the cause of the Italian independence, he fought for.
His twofold role as an aristocrat and an open-minded politician made it possible he was chosen for the delicate task of Ambassador of the Cisalpine Republic in Wien, following the Treaty of Campoformio. He was the first Italian diplomatic official who used the tricolour as the Italian flag.
The political activity of Ferdinando Marescalchi shifted the focus of the family to France, where his descendants moved. His nephew Napoleone Ferdinando was an ambassador on behalf of King Louis Philippe at a number of European courts. His son Antonio after the fall of the second empire returned to Bologna and chose Tizzano as his preferred residence. The renaissance of the property is due to Antonio Marescalchi (the road which crosses the farm is named after him) who dedicated himself to this property with love and ability.
The residence also became a centre for agricultural production, a “harmonic” complex which united ornamental aspects with the needs of a modern farm.
Life in Tizzano between the two world wars was deeply connected to the lives of his owners, who lived there for a long time housing famous people and literary men within a cosy and retained atmosphere. With the war and the German occupation, the Villa was seized by the German commanders who prevented the owners from using it, for the next two years.
Following liberation, in April 1945, an American air troop, even though the German troops had already been evacuated, made it the target of two violent bombings. The Villa was completely destroyed, the Estate was severely damaged. It is only thanks to the dedication and love of the owners that Tizzano Farm could flourish again and regain its splendour.
The residence has been modified according to nowadays life needs and still represents a meeting point for representatives and men of learning from all over the world. The former Prime Minister Giovanni Spadolini was a “regular” visitor of the property, during the time he spent in Bologna as a journalist.
This is the proof that the Visconti di Modrone family, heirs to the Marescalchis, is be able to keep up with the times.
From the vineyards to the final bottled product Tizzano offers a complete wine range: from white sparkling wines, to aged red wines, including both autochthonous and international varieties. In the XXI century Tizzano proposes itself to the public of connoisseurs as an historical farm as well as a well-organized structure. A new chapter has yet to be written...